United Nations’ definition of Indigenous – for Canada’s Indigenous Peoples’ Day – June 21, 2020

United Nations’ definition of Indigenous – for Canada’s Indigenous Peoples’ Day – June 21, 2020

The Indigenous People have faced hardship wherever they tried to live or were brought. They faced laws that were meant to assimilate or annihilate them. They faced a dominant culture that wanted to enslave them, and/or destroy them. And they faced a govt and churches that wanted/want to separate families, children taken from their parents to bring up among the dominant culture.

They face/d being blamed for having everything taken from them, then being blamed for being poor and distressed. Killed for the colour of their skin; by the police & the army (on behalf of the govt) and the churches.

And everytime they rose to take back their lands, they met settlers with guns who weren’t about to give the land they had worked on back.

And they watched in horror as their land was overused; for forestry, fishing, hunting and mining. Filled with garbage heaps. Till their ancestral spirits were as raped and destroyed as the people.

Nothing we can do will change the history. Which is as recent in some ways as today.

But maybe knowing the story beyond our borders will create a movement for change… except Canada is far from the only country to act like this. So who do the First Nations ask for help?


(International Day is
Sunday, August 9.)
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in September 2007,
indigenous peoples—numbering more than 370 million in some 90 countries around the world
a) native to the land prior to colonization
b) separate from their ancestral lands/not of the dominant culture of the land. Dispossessed/Diaspora (the Americas’ First Nations)


Justin Trudeau’s Address


Indian Act of Canada – 1876
status terms
status terms 2
denial of cultural practices etc.
self govt agreements in progress
Some progress has been made by the Cdn govt thru the years. It isn’t something that can be done overnight.


pbs- global map
UN- state of indigenous people


empires – foreignpolicy

….. Europe

God, glory and conquest – khanacademy
expansion – lumenlearning

…. Catholicism – in the name of “saving” the hethens


…. in the name of child protection

disproportionate representation of Indigenous children in care and families broken

… in the name of community safety

disproportionate representation of Indigenous in system
John Howard Society
Elizabeth Fry Society

…. contrary to our principal act

Cdn Human Rights Code


2 The purpose of this Act is to extend the laws in Canada to give effect, within the purview of matters coming within the legislative authority of Parliament, to the principle that all individuals should have an opportunity equal with other individuals to make for themselves the lives that they are able and wish to have and to have their needs accommodated, consistent with their duties and obligations as members of society, without being hindered in or prevented from doing so by discriminatory practices based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, genetic characteristics, disability or conviction for an offence for which a pardon has been granted or in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered.

…. role of Pierre Elliot Trudeau

(current PM’s father) Brought the Constituion home to Canada and embedded the Human Rights Code of Canada within it. These acts supercede all others in Canada. It’s the daily practice by govt employees like police and social workers that defy that dream. But it’s institutionally sanctioned, so cannot be perceived as a miscreant acting outside their scope.

and just who was that Columbus anyways?



who really discovered Canada?
Hint – it wasn’t Columbus!

… what do you mean the Vikings were here (Canada) first?


…..and they walked, or came by boat?

NPS.gov – Clovis and/or Solutrean

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