in the early days of medicine

In the Early Days of Medicine (a story)

Jocasta entered the study of the house. She had beeen told by a friend that she could find advice and maybe comfort for her symptoms here. And after all she had suffered, (despite advice from her mother, grandmother and aunts), she needed some comfort.
She left her maid outside, waiting on the porch. She didn’t want the maid hearing about her troubles. Her maid was a horrible gossip.
The man who came in was of stern character. He said he was a medical philosopher. He asked a bunch of questions, then asked permission to lay hands upon her. He said it was to “examine” her. To find out what was wrong.
She allowed this.
While the man touched her, mostly on her stomach, he asked a bunch of questions about her mood and her diet and exercise. He asked if she drank enough water. Her village had a bad well, so no not really. But she drank pressed juices and wine of course. He frowned, but said she was doing her best with local resources.
He listened to her lungs and heart. He palpitated her abdomen and he checked her reflexes. And he looked in her eyes.
The stern man asked if she got enough sleep. Not really. She lived in a crowded house. There was usually someone up and about. And she was a light sleeper.
He asked how she felt each day. If this sleep deprivation made her upset. She said she was tired and jittery. She lacked energy. He nodded.
The stern man suggested she visit a friend or relative who had a quiet room for a week and come back to see him when she was more rested. And to try to get more water into her.
She asked if there was a problem. He said her organs seemed fine. She wasn’t jaundiced or pallid. So they agreed to see each other in a week.
Jocasta went home and relayed the directions to her mother. Mother said she could go help her grandmother out at her cottage. She had a well and a quiet home.
The following week, Jocasta went back to the medical philosopher and told him she had followed his advice and how she had managed it.
The stern man asked if he could “examine” her again. He asked about her diet and exercise again. And had staying with her grandma helped her to relax and sleep more. She answered the questions.
This time, the stern man asked if he could prick her finger. She agreed. He got a good drop of blood, which he rubbed off her and put in his mouth. She asked why he did that. He said he wanted to know if it tasted like healthy blood and also if it was bright red. It did and it was. It also stopped bleeding quickly whe he pressed it firmly with a cloth.
The stern man said she seemed to be calmer and better off, after the week rest. So his advice to her was to stay with her grandmother more, to get rest and water. She said she did feel better.
Jocasta went home to tell her mother what the advice was. Her mother stared at her daughter, who did seem better, and agreed. She could sleep at her grandmother’s cottage. Her grandmother agreed, because Jocasta had been helpful and polite. Respectful.
Jocasta was pleased and really did feel better. Amazing what a little sleep will do, huh?

. . . . early medicine influences


He postulated that all substances were made up of air, earth, fire, and water combined in different proportions. He is the first to have suggested the humoral theory, later adopted by the Hippocratics. He also proposed a crude theory of evolution.

the excess amount of fluids determined a person’s character. The 4 humors included choleric (yellow bile), melancholic (black bile), sanguine (blood) and phlegmatic (phlegm). Below is a table showing the character that each humor or fluid represents.

1. Character … 2. Humor …  3. Fluid   …  4. Produced by  … 5.  Element
A. 1. Irritable   …  2. Choleric  … 3. Yellow bile   … 4. Spleen    …  5. Fire
B. 1. Depressed ,,, 2.  Melancholic … 3.  Black bile …  4.  Gall bladder ..  5. Earth
C.  1.  Optimistic  … 2. Sanguine  … 3.  Blood   … 4.  Liver  …  5.  Air
D.  1. Calm  …  2.  Phlegmatic  …  3. Phlegm   …  4.  Lungs   …  5.  Water





noxamvero et maleficium propulsabo (Also … I will utterly reject harm and mischief)

to be a teacher, a healer.  To care for and guard, rather than commit murder/euthenasia and mayhem, to treat men and women with respect, and not put them into debt. So i might have a good reputation, where failing will ruin my rep.

[the oath][]

eat from same water, soil and air-  eat locally. foods you’ve been raised on.



‘The patients are your textbook, the sickbed is your study.’

toxicology/chemistry in medicine, observation. matural laws, practice, and he practiced divination/he was studied by the Rosicrucians.


spirit system, consisting of natural spirit or “pneuma” (air he thought was found in the veins), vital spirit (blood mixed with air he believed to found in the arteries), and animal spirit (which he believed to be found in the nervous system)

he learned the importance of diet, fitness, hygiene and preventive measures, as well as living anatomy, and the treatment of fractures and severe trauma, referring to their woundsas “windows into the body”.

the physician is a philosopher

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